Sir William Wallace
This photograph was made on May 5th, 2016.
Bronze statues of Scotland’s greatest heroes, Robert the Bruce and William Wallace, were placed at the gatehouse (entrance) to Edinburgh Castle in 1929. Both men were pivotal in the war fought to regain freedom and independence for Scotland and her people from the British crown at the end of the 13th century.
William Wallace was the first leader of the Scots to rebel against the rule of the English King Edward I who had over-run Scotland in 1296. After a guerilla campaign, Wallace appeared to be successful when he defeated the English army at Stirling Bridge in 1297. In a ceremony, at the 'Kirk o' the Forest' (Selkirk), towards the end of 1297, Wallace was knighted. This would have been carried out by one of three Scottish earls — Carrick, Strathearn or Lennox. The popular belief is the Earl of Carrick, a title held by Robert the Bruce at the time, is the one who knighted Wallace.
However, the freedom was short-lived and Wallace and the Scots army were defeated at Falkirk in 1298. It is important to remember that Wallace was not fighting to gain the throne of Scotland but in order to free the country from English domination. It is for that reason, as well as the heroic battles, that he has been put on a pedestal over the years, both literally, with many statues, and figuratively.
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